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Hover Traveling and Bee Travel Kinds Variety

Hover Traveling and Bee Travel Kinds Variety

Bee Variety Diversity

From 2009 so you’re able to 2018, 192 bee assortment (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) was trapped inside Calanques Government Park through both on the internet and you will dish pitfall series. They belonged in order to half dozen families and you can 38 genera. Megachilidae are among the extremely groups-steeped relatives, accompanied by Apidae and you may Halictidae, having 53, forty-two, and you will 43 kinds, respectively. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is simply the fresh richest genus, which have 33 range, if you are eight genera was indeed illustrated on singular kinds (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Desk 1 [on the internet just] ). With the jackknife step 1 and 2 spiders, brand new bee species richness is simply estimated is between ± nine.89 and you can ± . The latest viewed fullness therefore represented 71.step 3 in order to 79.6% of projected bee richness ( Dining table 2). The new Chao1 method estimated this new seen fullness to obtain 76.8% of the prospective maximum richness ( Dining table 2). The essential abundant kinds is simply Apis mellifera L. (276 somebody), with Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you will 168 somebody, respectively), and Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 somebody). Fundamentally, 50 groups (26%) were represented from the one private (singletons).

Ecosystem Features out of Bees

Concerning your ecological qualities regarding nesting need, i know 59 single bee varieties nesting above floors, ninety five solitary bee diversity nesting below ground and you can 23 cleptoparasitic diversity, similar to 31.7, 47.nine, and you can multiple.0% of done bee variety richness, correspondingly. We concept of four personal variety (bumble bees and you will honey bees-2.1%). Sooner, the nesting needs away from fourteen variety will always be unknown (7.3%- Supp Table the initial step [on the internet just] ). Regarding your floral diet out-of bee classes, we learned that 105 items (54.7%) foraged into the many plant varieties (we.age., generalist variety, polylectic) and 51 variety (twenty-six.5%) foraged on one bush members of the family if not you to/pair plant types (we.decades., elite group variety, oligolectic). Toward leftover 36 bee variety (18.8%), the newest floral diet plan was not recognized (e.grams., having cleptoparasitic varieties). maybe not, very generalist variety showed an inclination for example otherwise several of bush household ( Supp Dining table step one [on the web only] ). On the forty two singletons, fourteen bee categories (28%) got professionals, and you can 9 bee types (18%) were cleptoparasitic ( Supp Dining table 1 [on the internet only] ).

An enthusiastic IUCN status can easily be bought for 178 assortment (excluding the brand new classes houses and you will as yet not known designs). Many, 47 vrfuckdolls reviews types is categorized because studies not having (DD-26.4%), 124 kinds have been the absolute minimum alarmed (LC-69.6%), six kinds is near threatened (NT-step three.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and another varieties is believed threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Table 1 [on the internet merely] ). About three oligolectic classes have been one of many 7 threatened bee items. A good. ovatula and C. albomaculatus is actually specialist towards the Fabaceae, D. argentata is largely a specialist on Caprifoliaceae.

From 2009 in order to 2018, 38 sorts of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) was basically trapped to the Calanques Federal Park. It belonged so you’re able to 24 genera ( Supp Table dos [on line just] ). The quintessential numerous genera was basically Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 anyone), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (fourteen some body), and you can Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de- Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville into the Latreille, 1828 (thirteen some one), while 20 models (53%) was represented on only one private ( Supp Desk dos [on the web merely] ). The brand new bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) had been depicted of 20 species, along with four singletons (25%) ( Supp Table 3 [on the web just] ). New estimate from full range fullness aside-out of hover flies and bee flies is ranging from 83 and 97 classes with the jackknife step 1 and you may dos indexes, respectively. For that reason, this new seen richness represented 59.8–69.9% of your own projected hover fly and bee travel richness ( Dining table dos).

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